50% of Magnesium is found in the bone, the rest is found principally inside cells of body, tissues and organs.
Magnesium is needed for more than 300 biochemical reactions in the body. It helps maintain normal muscle and nerve function. Magnesium keeps the heart rhythm steady, maintains a healthy immune system, and retains strong bones.
Magnesium deficiency is indicated by fatigue, mental confusion, irritability, weakness, heart disturbances, poor muscle and nerve function, muscle cramps, insomnia, loss of appetite and a tendency toward stress related symptoms. Organic magnesium compounds like magnesium citrate, are better absorbed, utilised and tolerated than inorganic forms (oxides, chlorides, hydrochlorides).
The Benefits of Magnesium
Magnesium can help with chronic fatigue syndrome which has been linked to low levels of magnesium in the red blood cells.
Evidence has shown that magnesium stabilises heart rhythms, reduces blood pressure and increases the pumping efficiency of the heart.
Magnesium is also supplemented to relieve symptoms of anxiety, including muscular rigidity in the back and shoulders. Fibromyalgia has been associated with low magnesium levels in the muscle cells.
Individuals who get migraines and tension headaches are inclined to have lower levels of magnesium. Several clinical trials have shown that supplementing with magnesium can significantly reduce the number of migraines experienced.
Magnesium is required for calcium metabolism. Magnesium supplementation can restore lost bone mass. Therefore magnesium is beneficial to individuals who have osteoporosis. High calcium diets require extra magnesium for balance.
Magnesium deficiency is common in young women and is believed to contribute to premenstrual syndrome. Magnesium acts as a neuro-muscular sedative to calm the messages between nerves and muscle cells, reducing painful cramps of the uterus; an action which is enhanced if vitamin B6 is also taken.
The body requires calcium to maintain strong bones and to carry out many vital functions. Nearly all calcium is stored in the bones and teeth, where it supports their structure and solidity.
The body requires calcium for muscles to move. Calcium is essential for nerves to transport messages between the brain and other parts of the body. Likewise, calcium is also used to help blood vessels move blood throughout the body. Calcium is assists in the release of hormones and enzymes that affects practically every function in the body.
Calcium absorption can affect certain groups of people more than others:
Postmenopausal women experience greater bone loss and do not absorb calcium as well. Sufficient calcium intake from food and supplements can slow the rate of bone loss.
Women of childbearing age whose menstrual periods stop (amenorrhea) due to strenuous exercise, low calorie diet, or both. They need sufficient calcium to cope with the resulting decreased calcium absorption, increased calcium losses in the urine, and a decrease in the formation of new bone.
Vegans and ovo-vegetarians (vegetarians who eat eggs but no dairy products) may be at risks as they avoid the dairy products that are a major source of calcium.
Iron is a mineral that is essential for life. Iron has a key role in the making of red blood cells, which carry oxygen throughout the body.
Iron supplements are most often used to treat certain types of anaemia. Anaemia is a low level of red blood cells, which can cause fatigue and other symptoms.
There is good evidence that iron supplements can treat iron deficiency anaemia caused by:
pregnancy, heavy menstrual periods, kidney disease, chemotherapy
Iron supplements are often recommended for infants and toddlers, teenage girls and women who are pregnant or of childbearing age.
Zinc benefits the immune system, enabling it to fight off invading bacteria and viruses. The body needs zinc to make proteins and DNA. The body requires zinc to grow and develop properly, during pregnancy, infancy, and childhood.
Zinc is vital in helping to heal wounds and is important for accurate senses of taste and smell. Vegetarians can be at risk of low zinc levels because they do not eat meat, which is a good source of zinc. Equally, if their diet consists of beans and grains; these have compounds that keep zinc from being fully absorbed by the body.
Alcoholic beverages decrease the amount of zinc that the body absorbs and increases the amount lost in the urine.
Vegetarians can be at risk of low zinc levels because they do not eat meat, which is a good source of zinc. Equally, if their diet consists of beans and grains; these have compounds that keep zinc from being fully absorbed by the body.
People with sickle cell disease because they might need more zinc.